Sri Lanka has gained global recognition for its diverse industries, with its brassware sector reigning supreme owing to its profound historical and cultural significance. Elevated by intricate craftsmanship, Sri Lanka has elevated traditional brassworking art to new heights. These exquisite brass creations, cherished by both locals and countless visitors, serve as cherished keepsakes and elegant home accents. As a pivotal manufacturing powerhouse, Sri Lanka’s brass industry competes fiercely in the international arena, driving substantial foreign revenue. This dynamic sector not only upholds tradition but also propels innovation, capturing the essence of the nation’s heritage while contributing significantly to its economic growth.

History of the brass industry

The history of the brass industry in Sri Lanka traces back to the ancient Aryans around 200 BC, who brought with them a repertoire of traditional industries from India. This historical legacy is evident through a wealth of brass artifacts showcased in neighboring museums, offering a glimpse into the opulence of the Anuradhapura era (200 BC to 900 AD). The country’s prowess extended to fields like gold craftsmanship. Over time, the brass industry flourished, boasting an extensive array of exquisite goods and artwork that underscored its remarkable caliber. Today, this industry stands as a prominent and enduring hallmark of Sri Lanka’s heritage, embodying a rich history of craftsmanship and artistic ingenuity.


What is the brass manufacturing process?

The brass manufacturing process involves a series of steps that transform raw materials into finished brass products. Brass, an alloy of copper and zinc, is valued for its malleability, durability, and versatility. The process can vary depending on the specific product being created, but here is a general overview of the steps involved in brass manufacturing:

  1. Melting the Brass – The first step is melting the brass, which is done in a furnace. Copper and zinc, the primary components of brass, are heated to their melting points until they fuse into a molten alloy.
  2. Mold Casting – Once the brass is melted, it is poured into molds to form various shapes and sizes. The molds may be made of sand, metal, or other materials, and they define the final shape of the product.
  3. Solidification – After pouring, the molten brass cools and solidifies within the molds. As it solidifies, it takes on the shape of the mold cavity, forming the initial structure of the product
  4. Mold Removal-  Once the brass has cooled and solidified, the molds are opened or broken to remove the newly formed brass components. This step reveals the rough shapes of the products.
  5. Trimming and Deflashing– The cast brass components may have excess material or rough edges that need to be removed. Trimming and deflashing involves cutting away excess material to achieve the desired dimensions and smoothness.
  6. Finishing- After trimming, the products undergo finishing processes to enhance their appearance and quality. This includes polishing to remove any surface imperfections, buffing to create a smooth and lustrous surface, and sometimes coating the brass to provide a protective and shiny finish.

What are the types of brass products?

  • Ornaments and Decor
  • Utensils and Tableware
  • Musical Instruments
  • Jewelry
  • Hardware and Fittings
  • Plumbing and Fittings
  • Electrical Components
  • Automotive Parts
  • Coins and Tokens
  • Industrial Components
  • Artifacts and Antiques
  • Medical Instruments

Which areas are famous for brassware in Sri Lanka?

In central Sri Lanka, crafting copper and brass goods is an ancient tradition. Communities along the Kandy-Colombo route, such as Pilimathalawa, Embeelmigama, and Gadaladeniya, take pride in their heritage of producing high-quality copper and brass items.


Export Markert 

Sri Lanka’s brass industry holds a global footprint, exporting to key markets like the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, and Canada. Revered for their quality and artistry, Sri Lankan brass products are in high demand among discerning buyers in these nations, affirming the industry’s international acclaim.